State Higher Education Council (SHEC)

STATE HIGHER EDUCATION COUNCIL (SHEC) States require a supreme policy body for Higher Education to develop a comprehensive, longterm and inclusive educational plan. RUSA requires formation of SHEC for planned and coordinated development of Higher education in State, sharing of resources between Universities, leads academic and governance reforms at institutional level, establish principles or funding institutions, maintain a data bank on Higher Education and conduct research and evaluation studies.

  • In order for the State higher education system to function effectively States need to set up SHEC at an arm’s length from the State as well as centre.
  • These Councils may be formed through an executive order to begin with but must be converted into statutory bodies by Acts of the State legislatures within two years


  • State universities cannot be monitored fully through a central system
  • Centre has only partial funding these institutions while States provide the rest of funding
  • SHEC is required to be constituted by an Executive order initially but converted into a Statutory body through Acts of State legislature within 2 years


  • Out of the total, 7 members of the council should be from the State and 3 members must be individuals of national eminence (outside the State)
  • SHEC should consist of 15-25 members, each with a term of 6 years.
  • 1/3rd of members will retire every 2 years and the existing council will nominate 3 new members every 2 years
  • The council must meet at least once every quarter; the quorum for the council meetings shall be 1/3rd of the strength, including the Chairman and Member Secretary


  • Chairman: An eminent Academic/ Public Intellectual with proven leadership qualities
  • Vice Chairman: must be an eminent academic administrator (rank of professor) or a professional from industry with sufficient experience
  • Member Secretary: eminent academic of the rank of Professor-Chief Executive
  • State Project Director
  • 10-15 Members: from field of arts, science and technology, culture, civil society, industry, vocational education & skill development
  • 3 VC’s: of State Universities and 2 Principals: Autonomous/ Affiliated colleges
  • 1 Nominee: Government of India


i. Strategy and Planning

  • Preparing the State Higher Education Plan (Perspective Plan, Annual Plan and Budget Plan)
  • Providing State Institutions inputs for creating their Plans and implementing them
  • Coordination between apex bodies, regulatory institutions and government

ii. Advisory Functions

  • Advising State government on strategic investments in higher education
  • Advising universities on statute and ordinance formulation

iii. Funding Functions

  • Funds managed by the SHEC will include funds from RUSA as well as State share, both of which will flow through the State government
  • Determine the methodology for timely transfer of State’s share of funds to institutions
  • Disburse funds to State universities and colleges on the basis of the State Higher Education Plan and transparent norms

iv. Monitoring & Evaluation

  • Monitoring the implementation of State Higher Education Plan
  • Creating and maintaining the Management Information Systems
  • Compiling and maintaining periodic statistics at State and Institutional Level
  • Evaluating State Institutions on the basis of norms and KPIs developed under RUSA
  • Ensuring timely submission of Utilization Certificates from Institutions

v. Quality Assurance & Academic Functions

  • Faculty quality enhancement initiatives
  • Quality of examinations/ Examination reforms
  • Maintaining the Quality of Curriculum
  • Promoting Innovation in Research
  • Protecting the autonomy of State Institutions
  • Providing approval to set up new institutions/ colleges
  • Accreditation reforms

The interface between the State government and State Higher Education Council (SHEC) can be gathered from the following functions for both. State Government

  • Overall policy design for higher education in the State: The States must design their educational policies to bring out detailed State Higher Education Plans (SHEPs) keeping in mind the norms and indicators under RUSA. These plans constitute the primary vehicle for the States to plan for accelerated growth and equitable development of the higher education sectors.
  • Perspective and annual budgeting: Perspectives for higher education in the State are to be drawn up for a spread over a period of ten year with detailed planning and budgeting exercise to fix the annual targets for programme implementation and the required budget for them. It is important that the action plan is realistic, practically implementable and correlates the physical outputs with cost estimates.
  • Funding (central and State share) to SHEC/institutions: In addition to the State providing its share, it must also be ensured that the money is transferred to the State Higher Education Councils within the time stipulated by RUSA. Funding is to be provided for government institutions subject to approvals for permitted activities based on certain norms and parameters
  • Provide operational costs for the SHEC: The State Higher Education Councils (SHECs) are supported by the project Directorate (created by the State Govt) and StateTechnical Support Group (TSGs) providing all operational, technical, logistical and managerial support.
  • Decide on and support student support activities: The State governments shall take appropriate decisions to undertake activities related to student support services such as admissions, reservations, financial assistance etc. in order to achieve the objectives for expansion, excellence and equity in Higher education. State Higher Education Council (SHEC)
  • Strategy and planning within the overall policy design of the State Govt: The State Higher Education Council (SHECs) are responsible for planned and coordinated development of higher education in the State and to foster sharing of resources between universities, benefit from synergy across institutions.
  • Monitoring and evaluation of RUSA: The primary responsibility of monitoring lies with State Higher Education Council (SHEC) It monitors the progress of institutional projects on a regular basis and shall provide guidance for improving the performance of the institutions in project implementation.
  • Quality assurance and academic functions: State Higher Education Council (SHEC) advises the State governments on strategic investments in higher education. It also advices universities on statues and ordinance formulation. It includes faculty quality enhancements initiatives, quality of examinations, maintaining quality of curriculum, promoting innovations in research, protecting the autonomy of State institutions, providing approval to setting up of new institutions /colleges, and accreditation reforms etc.
  • Impact assessment of schemes: Evaluating the State institutions on the basis of the norms and Key Performance Indicators (KPIs) developed under RUSA. The State Higher Education Councils (SHECs) may develop additional norms as they deem fit.
  • Research and innovation funding: The funds managed by the State Higher Education Council (SHEC) include funds from RUSA as well as the State share-both of which flows through the State government. It determines the appropriate methodology for timely transfer of the State share funds to the institutions. The funds also get disbursed to the universities and colleges on the basis of the innovative and dynamic plans and transparent norms.